label m: Graffiti instead of opera
Sprayers, skaters, rappers: anyone setting out in search of representatives of youthful urban subcultures would hardly begin in Saarbrucken. So far, the city has not been known for its exports of music and art. And it will be part of pop-cultural debates only when it comes to pulling jokes about a small, supposedly trivial German state and its capital.
For all that, the assumption that this place has no flourishing youth scenes, aspiring artists, and enthusiastic musicians would be doing Saarbrucken an injustice. Indeed, the city close to the French border, with a population of 180,000, is full of them, also thanks to label m.
Since 2009, this nonprofit organization has brought welfare work and art together in Saarbrucken. “Everybody is always asking: how can we reach young people? Well, it’s quite simple. You will reach them by simply accepting their culture, which is already there, and starting to work with it. This is what we’ve felt from the outset”, says Thomas Langhammer, who is sitting in a large downtown exhibition room, thus giving an apt outline of the basic idea. The association is all about natural artistic development, integration, and cultural interchange through youth scenes and subcultures. Artistic work is aimed at helping to disclose the strengths and weaknesses of everyone, and to work on them.
At the Garelly House – where label m now has an office, playing some of the exhibition rooms –, the great significance of the youth cultures for the association becomes rapidly apparent. There, the opening of an exhibition has been scheduled for this evening. The walls are already covered with silk-screen prints by street artists; skateboard videos are flickering across screens. In a side room, refrigerators are being filled with bottled beer. In this place, ‘exhibition’ invariably means ‘partying’ too.
Gisela Zimmermann, Thomas Langhammer, Rûken Tosun
“Those wanting to join will be here. Troublemakers will leave.”
Primarily, however, this means work. Plenty of work. Thomas Langhammer manages label m jointly with his partner, the artist Gisela Zimmermann, and teacher-to-be Rûken Tosun. There are no employees on fixed-term contracts, and in addition to their work for the association, the three initiators all hold main occupations. With a team comprising musicians, artists, cameramen, and assistants, they organize workshops, courses, and events, and produce films – always with the objective to teach music to young people without prospects who are drifting, and to familiarize them with the idea of spraying onto ‘legal’ walls.
It all began in Malstatt, one of Saarbrucken’s problem districts. There, Zimmermann and Tosun got to know each other during their joint work at a youth center. At the beginning, almost all the young people who were using the offerings of label m had a migratory background. Meanwhile, the group also includes all-German participants. No selection criteria apply: “Those wanting to join will be here. Troublemakers will leave”, says Langhammer about the low-threshold concept.
Before this evening’s exhibition, a rickety VW bus takes the visitors to the apartment of Langhammer and Zimmermann. Next to a backyard in Saarbrucken’s old city, the two live in bright rooms, with lots of art on the walls. The are works by Walter Benjamin and Gernot Böhme on the bookshelves. The apartment is the studio of Langhammer and Zimmermann, and the place where their social work originates.
For her large-format paintings stored and leaned against the walls in the apartment, Gisela Zimmermann uses spray cans time and again. “She buys her spray cans from the same stores as the young people with whom we work. They hold her in great esteem.” Rûken Tosun admires her colleague for her standing among the city’s sprayers. The scene is comprised almost exclusively of men. “The marking of walls does tend to be a male gesture, which is perhaps the reason”, says Langhammer. Moreover, advanced culture was being dominated by men, which would ultimately rub off on subcultures too.
On the other hand, most of the participants in offerings dealing in depth with certain subjects will be female. “A workshop on the concept of one’s ‘homeland’, for instance, was made up almost of girls only. Intellectual subject matters will make girls stay on.”
Discussions but no quarreling
‘Home’, or ‘homeland’, is one of the big subjects. The association will soon be showing its first full-length film of their own making, a documentation relating to this subject matter, in which people passing by are asked about their very personal concept of ‘homeland’. For the workshops and other offerings, it should be irrelevant where the young people come from, or what their ethnicity and religion may be. The only thing hoped for is the meeting of different influences and attitudes. Rûken Tosun says: “We seek to promote a culture of debate. We do not place under taboo any controversial topics of politics and society. Any kind of nonsensical talk during painting may offer a good opportunity to instigate a discussion.”
The fact that debate will not degenerate into quarreling is due to the relations between the youths and the association’s staff in charge, which have been built over years. They know and value one another and, in particular, will appreciate views and standpoints deviating from one’s own opinion.
Having a cup of coffee is followed by a visit to the place that has so far only been talked about: “The Wall”, which is the name of the 1,800-square-meter area adjacent to the Saar river. The Wall is one of the country’s largest legal graffiti surfaces. It gets newly primed at regular intervals, whereupon artists from Germany, France, and Belgium will travel to Saarbrucken for a weekend to immortalize themselves on The Wall. This Friday, it’s their turn again. The small groups are still at work, building and getting prepared. A few hundred meters up the river, work is already being done under a bridge. This is where the young people from label m are allowed to do their spraying, to try themselves. Where they come from, who they are, what else they may do – all that is of no concern here. “We want to support young people personally, but we also seek to integrate them culturally”, says Tosun, and this appears to be working well on that completely unglamorous wall behind a thermal power station. A 16-year-old is working on her first graffito, with Langhammer and Zimmermann sitting over a glass of beer with a few boys. The atmosphere is relaxed and familiar.
“The young people who feel like visiting have been coming back time and again for eight years now. We meanwhile know these people well and have a close personal relationship with them.” In Saarbrucken, according to Thomas Langhammer, bringing people together is easier than it is in other cities.
“It’s a good thing for the Saarland to be that small.” That’s the reason for a plethora of Saarland-related jokes; in the end, it turns into a locational advantage.
Text: David Jenal
Photo: Robert Rieger